CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)
CBT is well established highly effective and lasting therapy. It helps you to manage problems by recognising how your thoughts can affect your feelings and behaviour. CBT examines learned behaviours, habits and negative thought patterns with the view of adapting and turning them into a positive.
Unlike some other therapies, CBT is rooted in the present and looks to the future. While past events and experiences are considered during the sessions, the focus is more on current concerns. During a CBT session, your therapist will help you understand any negative thought patterns you may have.
Cognitive behavioural therapy looks to help you make sense of what can feel like an overwhelming problem by breaking it down into more manageable parts. These smaller parts are your thoughts, feelings, actions and even physical sensations.
These elements are interconnected and can often trap you in a negative spiral.
For example, if your marriage or relationship has come to an end, you may think youhave failed and that you are not capable of being in a functional relationship. These thoughts can result in
you feeling lonely and lacking energy.
When you feel like this, you are unlikely to want to socialise or go out and meet new people. This negative spiral can then trap you into feeling isolated and unhappy.
Rather than accepting the negative thought patterns,
Instead of thinking that you are a failure when a relationship ends, you can choose to develop new more helpful beliefs about yourself and others and start feeling optimistic about the future.
This new way of thinking may result in you feeling more energised and confident, helping you meet new people and one day, start a new relationship.
While this is a simplified example, it does illustrate how easy it is to get trapped in negative cycles and how changing the way you think and behave can affect you in a significant way.
Some of the people that may benefit from cognitive behavioural therapy include those who suffer from:
-depression and/or anxiety
-post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- sleeping problems, such as insomnia
-fear or phobia
-obsessive compulsive disorder
Those who want to change their behaviour, unhelpful habits.
In some cases, CBT is used for those with long-standing health problems, such as chronic pain. While the therapy cannot cure such physical ailments, it can help people cope emotionally with the symptoms and lower stress levels. In this type of therapy the patient is actively involved in his or her own recovery, has a sense of control, and learns skills that are useful throughout life.
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